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hqbm (c47b2)

The HQBM Module of CHARMM

By Emanuele Paci, 1997/2000

HQBM is an external perturbation designed induce conformational
changes in macromolecules. The time dependent perturbation is designed
to introduce a very small perturbation to the short time dynamics of
the system and does not affect the conservation of the constants of
motion of the system (the conservation of the total energy or of the
suitable conserved quantity when an extended Lagrangian is used can
then be used as a check of the correctness of the forces).

The external perturbation needs:
- a reference (or target) structure
- a reaction coordinate which defines a "distance" from the
reference structure

* Syntax | Syntax of the HQBM command
* Function | Purpose of each of the keywords
* Input | HQBM Input Description

[INPUT HQBM command]

- read the reference structure

- call the perturbation choosing a coupling constant [ALPHA], a
reaction coordinate (see summary below), and a selection of atoms
which define the reaction coordinate. Several biases may be
in operation in any time: each must be set up by a separate
HQBM command. The general form of the setup command is:

HQBM [RC1 | RC2 | RC3...] ALPHA real [IUNJ integer] [XIMAX real] -
[ANAL FIRSTU integer NUNIT integer] -

coord-specific-options are listed below for each coordinate

this won't affect anything, just increase the step number by 1 each time.
necessary in order to have multiple reaction coordinates & keep the
output synchronous.

- reset all HQBM biases, i.e. EHQBM = 0.0 always

- only change the coupling constant (ALPHA); useful for equilibration
RCX is RC1, RC2, etc. - which ever reaction coordinate needs
alpha updated
'real' is a new value for the coupling constant.

- coord-specific-options:
A description of each coordinate, and the options is given in the
section Function. Also, this will surely be out of date rapidly,
so the source is the best recourse.

RC1: [AWAY] [SMD GAMMA real] [FIX] [NOEN] [READLIST integer] -
[READREF integer] [IUNK integer] atom-selection

RC2: [AWAY] [SMD GAMMA real] [FIX] [NOEN] [READLIST integer] -
[IUNK integer] atom-selection

[READLIST integer] [IUNR real] [BETA real] [EXCL real] -
[RCUT real] [TOL real] [ZERO] [IUND integer] -
IUNP real atom-selection

RC4/HX: [AWAY] [SMD GAMMA real] [FIX] [NOEN] [IUNK integer] [IUND integer] -
[EEF1] [NHCON] [SPLIT] [NONN [CUTON real] [CUTOF real]] [BETA real] -
[BETC real] [BETH real] [EXCL real] [RCUT real] [HCUT real] [ZERO] -
IUNP integer -
atom-selection1 atom-selection2 atom-selection3 atom-selection4

RC5: [NOEN] [TARGET real] [READLIST integer] atom-selection

[IUND integer] IUNN integer

RC7/RDC: ... not done yet ...

RC8/S2 ***: [IUND integer] [FIX] IUNS integer

RC9/J3: [IUND integer] [IUNK integer] [ZERO] [NOEN] J3UNIT integer

RC10/PSI ***: [IUND integer] [IUNK integer] [FIX] [ZERO] [BETA real]
[RCUT real] [TOL real] IUNP integer

*** These coordinates can ONLY be used in the replica/ensemble version.

The following section describes the keywords of the HQBM command.

HQBM introduces a half quadratic perturbation on a given reaction
coordinate (see below)

Meaning of the HQBM parameters

General Parameters & Parameters common to many coordinates
(check syntax to see whether a given option is supported with the reaction
coordinate of interest)

# AWAY drive the system away from the reference coordinate.
As an example, if the reaction coordinate measures the deviation from
a reference conformation, the perturbation will increase it.

# ALPHA is the force constant of the half harmonic potential.

# RC1, RC2, RC3/PHI, RC4/HX, RC5, RC6/NOE, RC7/RDC, RC8/S2, RC9/J3, RC10/PSI
will select other reaction coordinates (descriptions below)

# atom-selection: some coordinates require an atom selection -
only the selected atoms will be used to define the coordinate.
See below for more specific definitions.

# IUNJ: write the output (istep rc(t) max(rc)) on unit IUNJ

# FIX: make the target value of the reaction coordinate the initial value.

# ZERO: make the target value of the reaction coordinate ZERO (same as FXRG).

# IUND integer: a unit to dump calculated phi-values, protection factors to
at regular intervals during the trajectory

# IUNK integer: a unit to dump initial contact lists to.

# SMD: use schulten style "steered molecular dynamics". This requires
a speed to move the target reaction coordinate, given by the
GAMMA option.

# NOEN: when using the ensemble version of the code (see:
this will force a particular reaction coordinate NOT to use
the ensemble averaged form.

# BETA real: the value of beta in the smooth function for counting native
contacts 1.0/(1+exp(beta(r-rcut))).

# RCUT real: see entry for BETA above.

# TOL real: When counting native contacts in non-native structures, allow
an extra TOL angstroms (i.e. rcut is increased by TOL).

# EXCL integer: Do not count contacts between residues separated by fewer
than EXCL.

Description of each coordinate and its specific parameters

RC1: A reaction coordinate based on the mean square difference from the
target coordinates. If the target coords are all set to zero
(e.g. with SCALAR), the reaction coordinate is like a radius
of gyration (it is in fact the square of the radius of gyration
over the selected atoms assuming equal masses). If only two atoms
are selected, the reaction coordinate is the distance between them.

[READLIST integer] read a list of atom index pairs specifying native
contacts, i.e. in the format:
i1 j1
i2 j2
[READREF integer] read a list of atom index pairs specifying native
contacts, AND distances between them, i.e.:
i1 j1 r1
i2 j2 r2

RC2: Works exactly like RC1, except that instead of rho = \sum_ij (r_{ij}-r_{ij}^{ref})^2,
rho = sum_{ij} exp(((r_{ij}-r_{ij}^{ref})/r_{ij}^{ref})^2).

RC3/PHI: Drive system to satisfy experimental phi-values, defined as a residue-based
fraction of native contacts.
[COMB] : if specified, the native contact list will be constructed
by making all possible combinations of the atom selection.
Used for hydrophobic clustering in unfolded state (Julia Wirmer).
[AVEP AALPHA real] : ONLY works with ensemble code. As an ensemble,
the replicas are driven to satisfy the expt phi-values; the
AVEP bias ensures that each replica will also satisfy the
average phi value, AALPHA being a separate coupling constant
for this. Only one HQBM invokation is needed for both the
standard phi and the average phi (by default average phi is off).
[READLIST integer] : read native contacts from a file:
i1 j1
i2 j2
[IUNR real] ????
[IUNP real]: unit with phi-values:
res1 phi1
res2 phi2
atom-selection: the atoms to use for counting native contacts if
not reading native contact list from a file.

RC4/HX: Hydrogen exchange bias. System driven to satisfy experimental
protection factors. Protection factors defined as logP = Bc*Nc+Bh*Nh

atom-selection1: defines heavy atom contacts
atom-selection2: oxygen selection (for hbonds)
atom-selection3: nitrogen selection (only for EEF1 - otherwise ignored)
atom-selection4: hydrogen selection (for hbonds)

[EEF1] - this ONLY works in analysis mode. The EEF1 energy of nitrogen
atom is used for the burial term (Nc). Uses third atom selection.
[NHCON] - used HN_i --- heavy atom contacts for burial
default is heavy_atoms_i --- other heavy atoms
[SPLIT] - when writing to IUND file, separate hydrogen bonding and
burial contributions to the protection factor.
[NONN [CUTON real] [CUTOF real]] - Use all contacts, not just native
ones, for burial. Requires a cutoff function for efficiency.
cutof must be larger than cuton.
[BETC real] = bc above
[BETH real] = bh above
[HCUT real] - cutoff for counting hydrogen bonds (default = 2.4 Angstrom
O-H distance)
[IUNP integer] - unit with protection factors:
res1 logP1 type1
res2 logP2 type2
The protection factor "type" is one of 0, -1, or 1:
0: protection factor must be satisfied exactly
-1: protection factor must be smaller than value given
(for residues exchanged in dead time)
1: protection factor must be larger than value given
(for global exchange data)

RC5: Works like RC1, except drives system towards target value specified by TARGET
and holds it there.

RC6/NOE: Drives system towards experimental NOE values.
[SIXT | LINE] - type of averaging. Default is <r^{-3}>^{-1/3}
SIXTh specifies <r^{-6}>^{-1/6}
LINEar is normal (linear) averaging

IUNN integer - unit with noe's, format:
i1 j1 lbound1 ubound1
i2 j2 lbound2 ubound2
iN jN lboundN uboundN

RC7/RDC: not implemented

RC8/S2: Order parameter bias. Drives an ensemble of configurations
to satisfy experimental order parameters. Obviously, this
ONLY works for the ENSEMBLE code (» ensemble ).

IUNS integer - unit with order parameters, format:
i1 j1 S2_1
i2 j2 S2_2
iN jN S2_N

RC9/J3: Drive system to satisfy scalar coupling restraints

J3UNIT integer - unit with couplings, format:
i1 j1 k1 l1 A1 B1 C1 D1 J1
i2 j2 k2 l2 A2 B2 C2 D2 J2
where i,j,k,l are the atom indices defining
the dihedral, and A, B, C and D are the
karplus parameters using the form of the equation:
J(phi) = A*cos^2(phi+D) + B*cos(phi+D) + C
Ref: Chou et al. JACS, 125, 8959-8966 (2003)

RC10/PSI: Drive system to satisfy psi-values (sosnick papers)
not finished...

The method is described in
E. Paci and M. Karplus. Forced unfolding of fibronectin type 3
modules: An analysis by biased molecular dynamics simulations.
J. Mol. Biol., 288: 441-459, 1999.

TESTCASES (in test/c32test):

hqbm_single_test.inp: This is a test of the single copy versions of
RC1, RC2, RC3, RC4, RC6 & RC9
It may be run in the test directory by invoking:
./ arch output bench 32
which will run this + all the other c32 testcases

hqbm_rc3_ens_test.inp: Ensemble test of RC3/PHI -- see below for how to run
hqbm_rc4_ens_test.inp: Ensemble test of RC4/HX -- see below for how to run
hqbm_rc8_ens.inp: Test of RC8 (only ensemble) -- see below for how to run

To run ensemble tests, use the following command in the test directory:
./ E arch
in this case the optional fourth command specifying target will be ignored.